Complete Report for Simi-Santa Rosa fault zone, Simi-Santa Rosa section (Class A) No. 98c
citation for this record: Treiman, J.Jerome, compiler, 2000, Fault number 98c, Simi-Santa Rosa fault zone, Simi-Santa Rosa section, in Quaternary fault and fold database of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey website, http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/hazards/qfaults, accessed 04/24/2014 05:42 AM.
|Synopsis||General: The Simi fault zone is best known from oil exploration; ground water studies have also helped locate the faults, especially western sections. Surface traces are known principally from thesis mapping, later compilations, and recent geotechnical studies, but some sections of the fault zone are still only moderately well located at the surface. Age control for most-recent surface rupture and Holocene fault history is limited to the Springville fault and one site in the middle of the Simi fault. Camarillo and Santa Rosa Valley faults are interpreted principally from geomorphology and subsurface data, with sparse confirmation as surface faults. It is not known if the various faults comprising the zone rupture together or as semi-independent elements and sections or segments have not been previously defined in the literature.|
Sections: This fault has 3 sections. Sections have not been specifically discussed in the literature. The Springville and Camarillo faults were initially discussed as separate faults (Bailey, 1951 #5998; State Water Resources Board, 1956 #6017), but later discussed as part of the Simi-Santa Rosa fault zone (for example, Weber and others, 1976 #5992). Sections, which are distinguished here based on deformational style and step-overs, include the Springville section [98a], Camarillo-Santa Rosa section [98b], and Simi-Santa Rosa section [98c].
|Name comments||General: |
Refers to fault #346 of Jennings (1994 #2878); Simi and Santa Rosa faults were first mapped (in part) by Kew (1919 #6013; 1924 #6014); Simi fault was named by Bailey (1951 #5998); Santa Rosa fault (zone) was named by State Water Resources Board (1956 #6017), which reference also referred to the Simi-Santa Rosa fault system. Simi or Santa Rosa have been used interchangeably for some strands of the fault zone. Treiman (1998 #6019) attempted to standardize the nomenclature for several main strands; section extends easterly from Calleguas Creek to northeast end of Simi Valley.
Fault ID Comments:
Refers to numbers 346 (Simi/Santa Rosa fault), 348 (Springville fault) and 349 (Camarillo fault) of Jennings (1994 #2878) and numbers 65 (Springville fault), 66 (Camarillo fault), and 67 (Simi fault) of Ziony and Yerkes (1985 #5931).
|County(s) and State(s)||LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA |
VENTURA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
|Physiographic province(s)||PACIFIC BORDER |
|Reliability of location||Good|
Compiled at 1:24,000 scale.
Comments: Location of fault traces are taken from 1:24,000 compilation by Treiman (1998 #6019) and Division of Mines and Geology (1999 #6004; 1999 #6005; 1999 #6006).
|Geologic setting||The Simi-Santa Rosa fault zone is dominated by moderate to high-angle north-dipping reverse faults that probably also have a left-lateral component of displacement (Treiman, 1998 #6019). The fault zone extends for 40 km in an east-northeast direction within the southern California Transverse Ranges. Simi fault is a Tertiary fault with up to 1,600 m vertical separation (Oligocene Sespe) and continued Quaternary activity (Hanson, 1981 #6010). In a westward direction late-Quaternary activity steps left from the Simi across the Santa Rosa, Santa Rosa Valley and Camarillo fault elements of the zone, and also northwest (right-step) to the Springville fault.|
|Length (km)||This section is 38 km of a total fault length of 47 km.|
|Average strike||N77°E (for section) versus N77°E (for whole fault)|
|Sense of movement||Sinistral|
Comments: Most this section displays compressional features, but in the eastern half of the section a left-lateral component of displacement may dominate (based on striae and mullion plunging 30? NE reported by Hitchcock, 1998 #6011). There is some evidence of strain partitioning within the fault zone (Treiman, 1998 #6019).
Comments: Petroleum data indicates sub-surface dips of 60?-77? (Jakes, 1979 #6012; Hanson, 1981 #6010). Simi fault has high-angle (up to 90?) surface trace with shallower reverse and thrust faults south of main trace but also includes some local south dips related to inferred flower structure and backthrusts. Santa Rosa fault appears to have more moderate dips (Treiman, 1998 #6019).
|Paleoseismology studies||Site 98-2, Arroyo Simi: enhanced exposure in arroyo bank exposed vertical fault; detrital charcoal in faulted and unfaulted deposits constrained last Holocene event within several thousand year bracket, Slip indicators observed in fault plane (Hitchcock and others, 1998 #6011).|
|Geomorphic expression||Large-scale expression includes relatively abrupt linear mountain front with some sinuosity and restricted drainage exit from Simi Valley. Small-scale expression includes scarps, faceted spurs, deflected and incised drainages, linear drainages, side-hill benches, aligned saddles and ponded alluvium. Western portion of Simi fault is within elevated portion of hills and is expressed principally by fault-line morphology, with clearer tectonic geomorphology associated with the Santa Rosa fault to the south (Treiman, 1998 #6019).|
|Age of faulted surficial deposits||Holocene fluvial and colluvial deposits (Hitchcock and others, 1998 #6011); late Quaternary fluvial and colluvial deposits (Treiman, 1997 #6018; 1998 #6019); Plio-Pleistocene marine and non-marine deposits, Miocene marine and volcanics (Dibblee, 1992 #5999; 1992 #6000; 1992 #6001).|
|Most recent prehistoric deformation||Latest Quaternary (<15 ka)|
Comments: Most recent paleoevent bracketed between 1,205?80 and 7,666?50 yr BP based on detrital 14C in faulted and unfaulted sediments (Hitchcock and others, 1998 #6011).
Comments: Study by Hitchcock and others (1998 #6011) suggests interval may be greater than about 1,000 yr for this section.
|Slip-rate category||Between 0.2 and 1.0 mm/yr|
Comments: Slip rate of 0.5-1.0 mm/yr estimated by Treiman (1998 #6019) based on comparison of geomorphic expression to "moderate activity" category (0.1-1.0 mm/yr) of Slemmons and dePolo (1986 #3409). Slip rate assigned to the entire fault zone by Petersen and others (1996 #4860) for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for the State of California was 1.0 mm/yr (with minimum and maximum assigned slip rates of 0.5mm/yr and 1.5 mm/yr, respectively).
|Date and Compiler(s)||2000|
Jerome Treiman, California Geological Survey
|References||#5998 Bailey, T.L., 1951, Geology of a portion of Ventura basin, Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California: scale 1:48,000.|
#5999 Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1992, Geologic map of the Santa Susana quadrangle, Ventura and Los Angeles Counties, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation Map DF-38, scale 1:24,000.
#6000 Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1992, Geologic map of the Simi quadrangle, Ventura County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation Map DF-39, scale 1:24,000.
#6001 Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1992, Geologic map of the Moorpark quadrangle, Ventura County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation Map DF-40, scale 1:24,000.
#6006 Division of Mines and Geology, 1999, State of California earthquake fault zones, Simi Valley East quadrangle, official map, effective May 1, 1999:California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:24,000.
#6004 Division of Mines and Geology, 1999, State of California earthquake fault zones, Moorpark quadrangle, official map, effective May 1, 1999:California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:24,000.
#6005 Division of Mines and Geology, 1999, State of California earthquake fault zones, Newbury Park quadrangle, official map, effective May 1, 1999:California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:24,000.
#6008 Gardner, D.A., 1982, Seismic/ground rupture hazards associated with the Camarillo fault, in Cooper, J.D., ed., Neotectonics in southern California: Cordilleran Section, Geological Society of America, 78th Annual Meeting, April 19-21, 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 59-60.
#6009 Gonzalez, T., and Rockwell, T.K., 1991, Holocene activity of the Springville fault in Camarillo, Transverse Ranges, southern California--Preliminary observations, in Blake, T.F., and Larson, R.A., eds., Engineering geology along the Simi-Santa Rosa fault system and adjacent areas, Simi Valley to Camarillo, Ventura County, California: Southern California Section, Association of Engineering Geologists, 1991 Annual Field Trip, August 24, 1991, field trip guidebook, p. 369-383.
#6010 Hanson, D.W., 1981, Surface and subsurface geology of the Simi Valley area, Ventura County, California: Oregon State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 112 p., scale 1:24,000.
#6011 Hitchcock, C.S., Treiman, J.A., Lettis, W.R., and Simpson, G.D., 1998, Paleoseismic investigation of the Simi fault at Arroyo Simi, Simi Valley, Ventura County, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 19-20.
#6012 Jakes, M.C., 1979, Surface and subsurface geology of the Camarillo and Las Posas Hills area, Ventura County, California: Oregon State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 105 p., scale 1:24,000.
#2878 Jennings, C.W., 1994, Fault activity map of California and adjacent areas, with locations of recent volcanic eruptions: California Division of Mines and Geology Geologic Data Map 6, 92 p., 2 pls., scale 1:750,000.
#6013 Kew, W.S.W., 1919, Structure and oil resources of the Simi Valley, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 691-M, 323-347 p.
#6014 Kew, W.S.W., 1924, Geology and oil resources of a part of Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 753, 202 p.
#4860 Petersen, M.D., Bryant, W.A., Cramer, C.H., Cao, T., Reichle, M.S., Frankel, A.D., Lienkaemper, J.J., McCrory, P.A., and Schwartz, D.P., 1996, Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for the State of California: California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 96-08 (also U.S. Geological Open-File Report 96-706), 33 p.
#3409 Slemmons, D.B., and dePolo, C.M., 1986, Evaluation of active faulting and associated hazards, in Wallace, R.E., ed., Studies in geophysics, active tectonics: National Academy Press, p. 45-62.
#6017 State Water Resources Board, 1956, Ventura County investigation: State [California] Water Resources Board Bulletin 12, October 1953, revised April 1956, 2 vols.
#6018 Treiman, J.A., 1997, Springville, Camarillo and related faults in the Camarillo and Santa Paula quadrangles, Ventura County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-237.
#6019 Treiman, J.A., 1998, Simi-Santa Rosa fault zone in the Moorpark, Newbury Park, Simi Valley East, Simi Valley West, and Thousand Oaks quadrangles, Ventura County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-244.
#5992 Weber, F.H., Jr., and others, 1976, Seismic hazards study of Ventura County: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report OFR 76-05 (1975, revised 1976), 396 p., scale 1:48,000.
#5931 Ziony, J.I., and Yerkes, R.F., 1985, Evaluating earthquake and surface faulting potential, in Ziony, J.I., ed., Evaluating earthquake hazards in the Los Angeles region--An earth-science perspective: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1360, p. 43-91.